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FDU-Inkingi welcome the very courageous decision of the President of France to authorize the declassification of the archives of the President’s Office covering the period 1990 to 1995. This decision addresses the concerns of the FDU-Inkingi Party to shed light on the Rwandan tragedy, not only to help cut short the cynical manipulation of a national tragedy for political purposes, but mainly to ensure full accountability based on objective data and thus lay the foundation for equitable justice, a must prerequisite for national reconciliation in Rwanda.

This action will also answer another FDU-Inking concern which is to put an end to impunity which underlies the cycle of political violence in the Great Lakes region. Our Party calls on other major players such as Belgium, the United States, the United Kingdom and first and foremost the RPF regime, to declassify their archives for the period 1990 to 1995.

It is our very considered view that the declassification of all records covering this period will help identify some of the mysteries surrounding the Rwandan tragedy, including the deep seated motivations underpinning the refusal and resistance against the opening of a neutral international investigation to identify those responsible for the terrorist act to shoot down the plane carrying Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana. It is a well-established fact that the terrorist act was the trigger for the massacres in Rwanda and the genocide of the Tutsi. However, the recommendations to carry out the investigation were made by the Special Rapporteur of the United Nations and the report commissioned by the Organization of African Unity (OAU), now African Union.

It is shocking that this terrorist act that claimed the lives of two serving Heads of state of Rwanda and Burundi and triggered a spiral of violence throughout the Great Lakes region, taking the lives of more than 6 million people, was left to the initiative of some families affected by this tragedy. Yet the United Nations has demanded investigations into the assassinations of a former Lebanese Prime Minister Mr. Rafic Hariri and Ms. Benazir Bhutto candidate for 2008 presidential elections in Pakistan.

We appeal to friends of the Rwandan people and of the peoples of the Great Lakes, particularly the Congolese people, and to every person imbued with the values of peace and justice to support the position of our FDU-Inkingi political party in its struggle to get the whole truth on the Rwandan tragedy of and to put an end to impunity and political cynicism. Only truth and impartial justice will contribute to genuine peace and reconciliation in Rwanda.

Done in London April 13, 2015.

Justin Bahunga
Commissioner for External Relations and Spokesperson


According to reliable information from Rutsiro District in the Western Province of Rwanda, former Kibuye Prefecture, we have learned with deep sorrow the murder of teacher Niwungize Chadrack. He lived in the town of Nyabirasi, Ngoma cell, Kazo village. He taught in the schooling center of Kazo.

Mr. Niwungize Chadrack was arrested at his home without a warrant, April 2, 2015 by the Nyabirasi town Executive Mr. Christophe Mudahemuka, accompanied by a militiaman of DASSO (District Administration Security Support Organ), a RPF militia which has replaced the infamous “Local defense”.

April 05, 2015, the Executive summoned Niwungize’s family to go retrieve the body of the victim. While his family was organizing to go get his dead body the Rutsiro District authorities came directly to hand over the deceased. Nobody deigned giving an explanation for the death circumstances of the victim, who was yet in good health when he was kidnapped. According to reliable sources, he was the victim of RPF diehards’ accusations and slanders denouncing him as collaborating with the regime’s opponents often considered as enemies of the country.

Other credible sources indicate that RPF authorities, with the help of their militias operating in the Rutsiro District have been deployed to hunt down other individuals suspected to be opponents of the regime so as to serve them the same lesson as Mr. Niwungize Chadrack. The most wanted include Mr. P. Celestin Hakizimana, Head of the Kazo Schooling center and Nzabandora Sylvère, the school studies prefect in the same centre.

FDU-Inkingi denounce in the strongest terms this climate of terror which coincides with the intimidation campaign to force people to call for a change in the Constitution to allow President Kagame to run for a third term in 2017. The FDU-Inkingi calls on the RPF authorities to put an end to this climate of terror exercised on the population.

FDU- Inkingi calls on the government to clarify without any further delay the circumstances of Mr. Niwungize Chadrack’s death and to take appropriate sanctions against the perpetrators of this hideous crime. FDU- Inkingi will not relent at denouncing flagrant violations of human rights in Rwanda and the draconian laws the RPF regime has put in place.

Done in London April 7, 2015.

Justin Bahunga
Commissioner for External Relations and Spokesman FDU-Inkingi.



In his speech at the retreat of his regime’s officials, called “OPENS NATIONAL LEADERSHIP RETREAT -GABIRO ,” President Kagame clearly expressed his bitterness about his ministers’ incompetence. He did not hesitate to denounce widespread corruption including in the judiciary. He called out his ministers, accusing them of being a bunch of incompetents, often giving him falsified statistics about the performance of their ministries. Yet it is often these fake statistics that are picked up by the lobbies and the sponsors of the Kigali regime to justify their support to the authoritarian regime. While President Kagame should be commended for accepting the failure of his ministers and admitting fake statistics about the country’s economic successes as well as rightly worrying about the sustainability of the Rwandan economy, he should stand out and be counted for accepting personal failure within the spirit of collective responsibility. He is personally responsible for hiring and dismissing Ministers and cannot wash his hands off them so lightly.

After 20 years of iron fist rule, he should draw the consequences thereof and call it a day to allow the citizens to be presented with alternative policies. Specifically he should avoid manipulating the constitution to seek re-election in 2017. He must accept opening the political space for other parties to propose alternative political programmes to the Rwandan people. He should release all political prisoners and prisoners of conscience. It is crystal clear that the key problem is systemic and structural failures of the RPF regime and therefore recycling of the regime leadership will not solve the problem. The generalized impunity, corruption, the muzzling of political parties, the lack of freedom of speech and public participation in decision making as well as nepotism will persist as long as there will be no change in the country’s governance. Habits die hard and 20 years is such a long time in politics. Those who profit from such a system are already drumming up a campaign to have their benefactor re-elected for another 7 years as President. The direct consequence of the systemic failure on the economy has been that the economy benefits a tiny urban minority. Speculative trading, profiteering, have resulted in the singular development found in the capital city Kigali that is presented as the showcase of economic dynamism of the country but hides abject poverty in the rural and suburban areas.

FDU-Inkingi is determined to reverse this dangerous trend by putting in place policies that aims to unlock each citizen’s potential through genuine national reconciliation, equal opportunity and the rule of law, political participation hence ending economic and political exclusion that have been the root causes of political violence in Rwanda. Our party is ready to bring about in-depth political change and to put in place political institutions that reassure everyone. However this requires an end change to the existing political system characterized by totalitarianism, exclusion and profiteering. FDU-Inkingi want to promote, within each and every Rwandan, a person responsible for his/her individual destiny and for his/her countrymen’s future bright.

Done at Brussels March 3, 2015.
Charles Ndereyehe
Commissioner for Information to FDU-Inkingi.


Dans son discours lors de la retraite des responsables de son régime, baptisée« OPENS NATIONAL LEADERSHIP RETREAT -GABIRO », le président Kagame a exprimé clairement son amertume à propos de l’incompétence de ses ministres. Il n’a pas hésité à dénoncer la corruption généralisée. Il a interpellé ses ministres, leur reprochant d’être des incompétents qui lui donnent souvent des statistiques falsifiées. Pourtant, ce sont souvent ces statistiques truquées qui sont reprises par les lobbies et les sponsors du régime de Kigali, pour justifier leurs appuis à ce régime autoritaire.

Le président Kagame devrait aller plus loin et reconnaitre que l’échec de ses ministres est son propre échec. Il doit tirer les conséquences qui en découlent, notamment en évitant de manipuler la Constitution pour briguer un nouveau mandat en 2017. Il doit accepter l’ouverture politique pour que d’autres partis proposent leur alternative au peuple rwandais. Afin de donner au peuple rwandais le libre choix du système de gouvernement et des leaders, il devrait logiquement accepter l’ouverture politique. Il doit libérer tous les prisonniers politiques et d’opinion, car le problème fondamental ne réside pas forcément au niveau de ses ministres, mais du système FPR en soi, qu’il a mis en place.
L’impunité générale, la corruption, le musellement des partis politiques, l’absence de liberté d’opinion et de participation de la population au processus de décision et le népotisme persisteront, tant qu’il n’y aura aucun changement dans la gouvernance du pays.

Les FDU-Inkingi constatent aussi que l’économie profite à une infime minorité urbaine. L’affairisme commercial spéculatif, au développement singulier constaté dans la capitale Kigali présenté comme la vitrine du dynamisme économique du pays , cache en fin de compte une profonde misère du monde rural et périurbain.

Les FDU-INKINGI fondent plutôt leur politique sur les possibilités qu’a chaque Rwandais d’inventer un avenir résolument nouveau, abolissant les clivages et les exclusions qui minent la société rwandaise et empêchent l’avènement d’un Etat de droit. Notre parti est prêt à apporter un changement politique en profondeur afin d’asseoir des institutions politiques rassurantes pour tout un chacun. Cela passe par l’abolition du système politique en vigueur, caractérisé par le totalitarisme, l’exclusion et l’affairisme.

Les FDU-Inkingi veulent promouvoir, en chaque Rwandaise et en chaque Rwandais, une personne responsable de son destin individuel et solidaire de l’avenir de l’ensemble de ses compatriotes.

Fait à Bruxelles le 3 Mars 2015.
Charles Ndereyehe
Commissaire chargé de l’Information aux FDU-Inkingi.

Rwanda : Courtesy visit of the Ambassador of the Netherlands to Mrs Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza


On Tuesday, February 17, 2015, HE the Ambassador of the Netherlands in Kigali, Ms. Leoni Cuelenaere paid a courtesy visit to political prisoner and President of FDU-Inkingi, Ms. Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza in her cell in the Kigali Central Prison. The visit took place after a long struggle of the ambassador who wanted to see for herself prison conditions of Mrs Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza. They have deteriorated since the change in leadership at the central prison.

Ignoring all diplomatic protocol, the ambassador was unceremoniously forced to meet Ms. Ingabire not only in the management offices, but was also instructed to speak in English so that the conversation could be recorded. Indeed, there was a security agent in the office who recorded the conversation with his mobile phone. Poor lighting in the prison which is part of the newly introduced measures taken by prison authorities against Mrs Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza has affected her eyesight and was recently taken to hospital for medical treatment. Her complaints about the effect of poor lighting on her eyesight have been persistently ignored.

FDU-Inkingi would like to express their thanks to the Ambassador of the Netherlands and through her to her country, for her determination and perseverance in resisting intimidation and going ahead to see for herself the bad treatment meted of this political prisoner.

FDU-Inkingi deplore and condemn this unbecoming treatment of a diplomat from a country which is yet in the circle of friends of the regime, in an attempt to deter her country from monitoring the conditions of detention of Madame Ingabire.

FDU-Inkingi reiterates that the Rwandan problem is primarily political and it will in no way be resolved by political trial. The solution lies in opening the political space for all political views and accepting a Highly Inclusive National Political Dialogue.

Done in London February 18, 2015.

Justin Bahunga
Commissioner for External Relations and Spokesman

Welcome to Rwanda, Ambassador Erica Jean Barks Ruggles

Her Excellency Erica Jean Barks Ruggles
Ambassador of the United States
Kigali Rwanda.

February 9, 2015 Your Excellency

Subject: Thanks and welcome to Rwanda

I would like to convey to you, on behalf of my political Party FDU-Inkingi, its President, Mrs Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza, now languishing in prison following a political trial, and on my own behalf our sincere thanks for the very warm open letter to all Rwandans. I would also like to welcome you very warmly to Rwanda and to express our very sincere appreciation for this rare and touching gesture from an Ambassador addressing himself/herself directly to the people of the country where she/he is going to serve. We are quite appreciative of the clear message in your letter that the friendship is not just extended to the government but to all the people of Rwanda, including ourselves engaged in politics but are not in government.

I can assure you that my party and myself will not leave any stone unturned working with you to achieve the mission that you sated before the US Foreign Relations Select Committee, namely to promote the U.S. goal of a democratic, prosperous Rwanda that is at peace with its neighbours. I would like to add also a Rwanda that is at peace with itself because there are a lot of unresolved deep seated grievances and tensions that can push the country over the edge if they are continuously contained through coercion and violence and not in an open political debate. The words contained in your letter, beginning with a greeting in our vernacular language “Muraho “(are you fine?) and the issues covered have touched many hearts and raised a lot of expectations. I was pleased to read positive reactions from the public who had access to your letter in the New Times newspaper. Those of us who have been able to learn more about your life story, your values of cherishing hard work and equal opportunity and commitment to the values of democracy and human rights, make us feel encouraged to continue promoting these values in our country however risky it is to do so in this country.

Being a recipient of five Superior Honour Awards and five Meritorious Honour Awards from the Department of State, is something that any civil servant would want to be. These personal qualities provide the ground to believe that you are a sort of person who delivers on what they set out to do and are even able make an extra mile to do so.
The United States is Rwanda’s largest bilateral donor, spending about $180 million in Rwanda each year. In consideration of this fact and given its political and diplomatic standing in the world as well as your personal qualities and experience, your country has an opportunity to play its rightful role in taking a lead in helping to install strong, independent democratic institutions in Rwanda thus fulfilling the pledge made by President Obama when he visited Africa to help create strong institutions and not strongmen.

There is so much food for thought in your letter and in other statements including your words at the Kigali Memorial Centre in Gisozi but I will mention just a few that have touched me most.

1. Acknowledgement that even though the partnership between the US and Rwanda has made many achievements “there are still many challenges ahead”.
2. The importance for all Rwandans to have a voice in their future to build a bright, secure and prosperous future in which all Rwandans have the opportunity to fulfil their potential. This is the vision of our political organisation FDU-Inkingi.
3. Daring to be open and rightly pointing out after visiting the genocide memorial that mass murders have happened over history and emphasizing the need to look at the underlying causes and issues to ensure that they do not happen again. You will know that for a Rwandan to ask for such a debate could lead to being accused of denying, minimising genocide or harbouring genocidal ideology yet we need to
4. The desire to meet people from all corners of Rwanda in order to learn how we can continue to strengthen our partnership. I would be more than pleased to meet you at your earliest convenience.
5. United States continued “long-standing commitment toward acknowledging all of the lives tragically lost, and urging a spirit of tolerance and respect. You will have known or will know that one the charges that landed our President Victoire Umuhoza in jail was for having said that true reconciliation can only come when justice does not discriminate against anyone.( translation of her speech is attached).
6. Commitment to strengthen democratic institutions and good governance. I was quite moved by the statement you made before Foreign Relations Select Committee on how your experience in working in such strongly divided country like South Africa would inform your work in Rwanda. You stated “ My most recent posting in South Africa has only confirmed for me the important role that strong, independent democratic institutions – including independent courts, a free press and a vibrant civil society – play in safeguarding democracies and building more inclusive, more tolerant, and more stable societies. It is the very considered view of my party that the cycle of violence in Rwanda is not an outcome of hatred between Hutu and Tutsi but lack of a peaceful democratic mechanism of competition for and transfer of power and the politics of social, economic and political exclusion. The elites from both ethnic groups have used group grievances to mobilise their own groups to accede to power. Rwanda has not lacked strongmen or efficient government or citizen control machinery, the problem has been bad governance and violation of human rights. In this regard the report made by the UN Special rapporteur Maina shows the danger of denying people their rights. In his address to the Human Rights Council in June 2014” he pointed out: “The Special Rapporteur notes with concern the Government’s prevailing hostility towards peaceful initiatives by its critics and the existence of a legal framework that silences dissent. He believes that the fear of a new genocide cannot be invoked to Impede fundamental freedoms in any society, which in fact are necessary to prevent conflicts and genocide. He further stresses that a society without room for critical Voices to speak freely and peacefully is unsustainable”.

We feel so privileged to have you at this crucial point of our political development when the holders of power are busy preparing the ground to change the constitution to allow the incumbent President Kagame to run again in 2017. The experience of Africa as you know is to be life President. His mentor, President Museveni declared at the swearing in ceremony on the 29th of January 1986 that the problem of African Heads of State is to cling to power. We all know the rest. The outcome of a referendum in Rwanda, as it happened under President Museveni when his term ended, is not hard to guess in a country where peaceful disagreement with the ruling party is a crime.

I am highly grateful for your open door policy to Rwandan of all walks of life and would like to be given an opportunity to meet with you and share views on this development and others that are of interest to our two countries. I also hope that you will find time to meet our President Mrs Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza, who embodies the courage and resolve of Rwandans to fight for genuine reconciliation, human rights and democracy in Rwanda.

Please accept your Excellency the assurance of our highest consideration.

Boniface Twagirimana
1st Vice President FDU-Inkingi