AFRIKADAG Amsterdam November 7, 2015
By Ndereyehe Charles, Chairperson task-Force Highly Included Inter-Rwandese Dialogue (HIIRD).
Paper presentation abstract:
The current situation in Rwanda reveals many signs and conditions similar to those which led to previous conflicts that culminated in the Rwandan genocide. We encourage Rwandans and friends of Rwanda to do everything possible to prevent the recurrence of a new conflict.
There is a general consensus in Africa and elsewhere that the future stability and sustainable economic development of the continent depends on building strong institutions and not strong men.
What we have been witnessing in the Great Lakes Region, is that instead of promoting democratic values, the use of violence to access political power or simply to settle political disputes has been glorified and rewarded. In terms of realpolitik, it will be extremely difficult in the long term to count on a regime that depends on repression and external aggression to maintain itself in power. It will be very difficult to stop the tide of history against tyranny. We need put together efforts aimed at pre-empting a worse tragedy and to lay a solid ground for a better future for Rwanda. Democratic governance, the rule of law and equal opportunity are the only long term guarantees of personal security, stability and economic development in Rwanda and in the region.
It is our very considered view that the root cause of the human catastrophe in the Great Lakes region is the absence of a democratic form of government. History has shown that democratic governance is so far, though not a panacea, the best mechanism for a peaceful management of the naturally divergent interests and societal grievances through legitimate channels: parliament, dynamic civil society, free media and party activity. Indeed, history has shown that violence is more likely in undemocratic systems and those systems have a tendency to be aggressive against neighbours in order to divert attention from internal problems. Rwanda is a good case study. The discussion will explore the means and ways to find out the lasting solution to political crisis in Rwanda.
Rwandan Civil Society and Political Organizations in diaspora (RCSPO) are convinced that it is imperative to hold a Highly Inclusive Inter-Rwandan Dialogue (HIIRD) in Rwanda for effective reconciliation, peace and sustainable development in the African Great Lakes region. HIIRD must be peaceful and respectful of the co-existence that reflects the fundamental human right to live for all Rwandans in order to build trust between Rwandan ethnic groups, a prerequisite for an effective reconciliation.
Through such dialogue, representatives of the various sections of society would agree on the mechanisms of good governance and management of power through constitutional arrangements that would ensure personal security and dignity of each and every Rwandan. The process should lead to a restoration of democracy and genuine reconciliation in which all citizens enjoy equal rights in all the sectors of national life and where interests and solidarity are defined on the basis of political programme ideas that are shared and rather than on the basis of ethnicity or area of origin.
This approach matches exactly with “Foundation Max van der Stoel” vision on Dialogue. (“Ons ideaal: een geïnformeerde samenleving waarin iedereen zich een mening kan vormen op basis van lotsverbondenheid: Our vision: an informed society in which everyone can form an opinion based on solidarity”). Therefore, we would like to request Netherlands to support this initiative.
A positive action on the part of the Netherlands in supporting the Rwandese initiative to install a democratic system and the rule of law in Rwanda would greatly enhance political stability in Rwanda and the region and promote the Netherlands image abroad and economic and political interests.